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World Kidney Day——Kidney Health For All
Admin | 09

March 2023

 What is Chronic Kidney Disease? 

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is the gradual loss of kidney function over a long period. Each human kidney has about one million tiny filters called glomeruli. If the glomeruli are damaged, they will stop working. In the short term, healthy glomeruli can take on extra work. But if the damage continues, more and more glomeruli will shut down. By the end, the remaining glomeruli cannot filter your blood well enough to keep you healthy.

When the kidney function falls below a certain point, it is called kidney failure. Kidney failure can affect your entire body and make you very sick. Untreated kidney failure can be life-threatening.


 Kidney Diseases are Common, Harmful and Expensive 


Between 8 and 10% of the adult population have some form of kidney damage, and every year millions die prematurely of complications related to Chronic Kidney Diseases (CKD).



The first consequence of undetected CKD is the risk of developing progressive loss of kidney function that can lead to kidney failure (also called end-stage renal disease, ESRD) which means regular dialysis treatment or a kidney transplant is needed to survive.

The second consequence of CKD is that it increases the risk of premature death from associated cardiovascular disease (i.e. heart attacks and strokes). Individuals who appear to be healthy who are then found to have CKD have an increased risk of dying prematurely from cardiovascular disease regardless of whether they ever develop kidney failure.




The prevalence of kidney disease is increasing dramatically and the cost of treating this growing epidemic represents an enormous burden on healthcare systems worldwide. Even in high income countries, the very high cost of long term dialysis for increasing numbers of people is a problem. In low and middle income countries long term dialysis is unaffordable. The best hope for reducing the human and economic costs of chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease therefore lies in prevention and regular detection.



 How is kidney function measured? 

Main Detection——GFR


Kidney function is best measured by an indicator called GFR (Glomerular Filtration Rate) which measures the blood filtration rate by the kidneys. This indicator allows doctors to determine if the kidney function is normal and, if not, to what level the reduced kidney function has deteriorated. In everyday practice, GFR can easily be estimated (eGFR) from a measurement of the blood creatinine level and taking into account age, ethnicity and gender.



Other Detection


Kidney disease usually progresses silently, often destroying most kidney functions before causing any symptoms. The early detection of failing kidney function is crucial because it allows suitable treatment before kidney damage or deterioration manifests through other complications.

Simple laboratory tests are done on small samples of blood and urine. Physicians generally use the results of mAlb, CysC, NGAL, β2-MG, and many other markers in the blood to estimate overall kidney function.



As one of the leading in vitro diagnostic companies in China, Getein always keeps the health and well-being of all human in mind and has developed a complete solution for kidney disease testing. It also has POCT series instruments and clinical chemistry series instruments to help health care provider offering professional and timely diagnosis. Getein will also pay close attention to the global kidney disease burden and help reduce the burden of the medical system with professional products.




1. WebMD – CKD Topic Overview 

2. National Kidney Disease Education Program

3. Kidney Research UK 

4. The Kidney Foundation of Canada – What is Kidney Disease? 

5. Kidney Health Australia – Fast Facts on CKD in Australia

6. NHS – Kidney Disease, chronic – Causes

7. The renal Association:

8. – CKD 

9. National Kidney and Urologic Disease Information Clearinghouse (NKUDIC) – Kidney Disease Statistics for the US

10. Cass A et al. The Economic Impact of End-Stage Kidney Disease in Australia: Projections to 2020. 2010. Kidney Health Australia

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